عنوان مقاله [English]
Privacy is one of the most important values that in many countries has been the subject of criminal protection for lawmakers through the criminalization of its violation and the imposition of penalties for it. The crime of disclosing people's secrets by those who are classified as confidential by virtue of their job or profession or position is one of the privacy crimes. Both in Iran and in Afghanistan, the crime is punishable under the penal code. However, the Afghan criminal legislator has listed some of the excesses of Iranian law as a crime of professional secrecy. Regardless of the legal approach, the disclosure of secrets in Islamic jurisprudence and among Sunni and Imamite jurists has also been considered a major sin and a requisite retribution. In the present study, we have examined the approach of Islamic jurisprudence (Sunni and Imamiyyah), the criminal law of Iran and the criminal law of Afghanistan regarding the crime of disclosure of secrets.