نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Criminal acquittals, also referred as the "presumption of innocence," are privileges and rights granted to the accused or the suspect against the defendant. However, the accused is presumed innocent until proven guilty in a competent court. The principle of criminal justification is well-known in the world today and is incorporated into the international and domestic laws of many countries.
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran has also emphasized this principle in Article 37: "The principle is absurd and no one shall be found guilty of the offense unless his or her guilt is proved in a competent court."
In this research, we have tried to study the principle of criminal extermination in Iranian law and clarify its position.
This research shows that the principle of criminal extermination in Iranian law suffers from a setback that requires not only legal changes but also the need to change our view of jurisprudence as rights!